1,566 total views
Also known as sexually transmitted infections, STDs are infections that are spread due to sex, whether penetrative or oral. These contagious diseases are not to be made lightly of; if not treated well within time, some of the infections can also be fatal as well.
Sexually active people need to know the safety protocols when it comes to sex. Enjoyable it may be, but there is no room for frisky behavior. Many people are unaware of the repercussions of irresponsible sex, excluding unwanted pregnancy.
Moreover, there are many myths surrounding sex, that naïve people can fall trap to. It is therefore imperative for people to know how to practice safe sex, especially when they are not in an exclusive relationship.
It is suggested that people who are starting off with new relationship should get their STI panel done. Women who are also trying to get pregnant should especially visit their Gynecologist in Lahore, as STIs may have a lasting impact on the health of the baby.
What are STIs?
STIS are infections that are caused by pathogens that get transferred due to sex, amongst other modes. Not just the infections themselves cause complications, but they also lead to other health issues in the body. Gonorrhea and Chlamydia can lead to Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). Moreover, conditions like HIV and Herpes are also chronic infections.
STIs not only affect the reproductive organs, but the pathogens can impact any organ in the body. Pregnant women can also pass off the STIs to their unborn baby, which can result in permanent health issues or death of the baby as well.
Common STIs include chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis, herpes, HIV, genital warts, syphilis.
What are the symptoms of STDs?
There are many symptoms that indicate presences of an STI and should raise any person’s hackles.
Symptoms of sexually transmitted infections include an unusual discharge from vagina or penis, and even anus. Pain during urination may be because of a UTI, but also can be indicative of STIs. Swelling of the penis and vagina is another sign of STDs.
Genital warts and sores around the mouth or the genitals can also result from STDs. Itching in the vagina and anus is also common. In women, the discharge may also be foul smelling. They might also have bleeding other than when on their periods from vagina, Men might have pain or swelling in their testicles.
Especially common in viral infections are fever, fatigue and chills. STIs can also cause weight loos, upset stomach, sweats at night. In some cases, it also causes the skin to turn yellow. Sex also becomes painful.
What are causes of STDs?
STDs are fundamentally caused by pathogens, bacteria and viruses. However, certain habits increase the risk factors for it.
People who are not monogamous and have multiple partners at a time are more susceptible to STDs. Moreover, not using, or using condoms incorrectly can also lead to venereal diseases.
STDs can also be passed from contact otherwise, and not just bodily fluids. And therefore, sharing personal items like razors, toothbrushes etc. can also increase risk for STIs. As drugs and alcohol abuse to the point of stupor lead to rational mind getting turned off, it is very likely for people to have unprotected sex in the inebriated state.
How to prevent STDs?
STDs can entirely be prevented, if correct protocols are followed; it important to prioritize your physical being and be mature about the entire exercise. First step therefore is full disclosure; have a candid conversation with your to-be sex partner about sexual health. Both parties should therefore get their tests done prior to initiating sex.
It is also important to realize if the relationship is exclusive or not. Having multiple partners increases the likelihood of getting STIs, and it does not bode well for any person.
Moreover, unless you want to plan a family together, or have clean STI record, do not forgo condoms. They are the only contraceptives that also offer protection against STIs. It is pertinent to use condoms correctly. Check the expiration date on them, do not reuse them, put on correctly, do not take it off and put it on and also check for any punctures on the condom.
In case of oral sex, use condoms or dental dams. Likewise, for stimulation using hands, it is recommended to wear gloves. Hygiene is also important when it comes to sex. Wash up before sex, and right afterwards as well. Urinating after sex can also help prevent UTIs as well.
Furthermore, it is also suggested to getting vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis A and B.
Visit a doctor
People who are experiencing symptoms of STIs, especially when their partner is also experiencing these symptoms, need to get tested.
However, there might also not be any symptoms of the infections, like HIV. Therefore, it is best to practice safe sex and get tested, especially when in case of promiscuity; visit your Gynecologist in Karachi for it get clarity on the status of your health.