Kidney Stones: Symptoms And Its Removal

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With the fast-paced way of living and many other factors, there has been an increase in health problems in the majority of the population. Kidney stone is one of the health issues that around one in ten people suffer globally.

There are higher chances for men to face kidney stone-related issues compared to women. Kidney stones can develop inside your body from the chemicals in your urine. You will come to know about Especialista en eliminación de cálculos renales and symptoms of kidney stones further below.

What Are Kidney Stones And Their Symptoms?

A hard object that is formed from the chemicals present in the urine is known as a kidney stone. In the urine, there can be various wastes dissolved. Due to these wastes, a kidney stone can be formed. Since the liquid is less, and wastes are comparatively more in the urine, there are more chances for crystal formation.

These crystals can get attracted to different elements in your urine. Thus, it can lead to the formation of a hard object. Many times, the chemicals present in the urine can be flushed out by the kidney. The presence of enough liquid in your body can prevent the formation of a kidney stone. Otherwise, these stones can be formed easily. A few of the chemicals that can form the stone in your body are

  • Calcium
  • Oxalate
  • Urate
  • Xanthine
  • Cystine
  • Phosphate

After forming a kidney stone, it can move down into the ureter through the urinary tract, or it can stay in the kidney. The four main types of kidney stones are

  • Uric acid– This can be formed due to the high consumption of shellfish and organ meats. There is a natural compound, purine, present in these dishes. The intake of these compounds in high amounts can lead to the production of monosodium urate. Monosodium urate can further lead to stone formation.
  • Calcium oxalate– This form of kidney stone can be formed when calcium combines with oxalate in the urine. Less fluid intake and insufficient amount of calcium within your body can lead to the formation of this stone.
  • Cystine– These rare types of stones can be formed due to family history in dealing with cysteine stones.
  • Struvite– They can be formed by infections in the upper urinary tract.

A few of the symptoms that you can face due to kidney stones are

  • Passing of blood in the urine
  • Chills and fever
  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Extreme pain on either of the sides of your lower back
  • Stomach pain that is continuous or persistent
  • Bad smell of the urine

Ways To Remove Kidney Stones

A few of the procedures that a kidney stone removal specialist can use to remove kidney stones are

  • Endoscopy– It is one of the simple procedures to remove kidney stones from a patient’s body. A lighted tube is passed inside your body to visualize and perform the necessary surgery. Through, laser treatment the stones can be broken down and removed from the body.
  • Ureterorenoscopy– A long, thin telescope that is known as a ureteroscope is passed through the urethra to perform the surgery. The tube is then passed into the bladder, from which is then into the ureter. This surgery technique is performed under anesthesia since it is a painful process. The stone is either completely removed after this surgery, or it is broken down into small pieces.
  • Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy– In this, ultrasound or X-rays are used for locating the stone. The shockwaves are then sent using the machine to break the stones, to pass them through your urine. This method is popular and is preferred over surgeries. This procedure is usually performed under sedation.

Conclusion

Thus, a kidney stone removal specialist can remove kidney stones from your body using any of the methods that are mentioned above.

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