According to several studies, there has been around a 70 percent increase in mobile phone usage across the globe over the last five years.
The overwhelming sensory experience that our phones deliver in our daily lives is one of the reasons we are so addicted to them.
Smartphone apps are an essential part of our daily lives, used to make relationships, gather information, or have a good time.
In contrast, there is an ever-growing demand for new apps to deal with novel problems.
While developing a smartphone app is a lucrative and growing business, it necessitates more direction, particularly in selecting the appropriate programming language.
In that direction, this article highlights the essential programming languages for app development.
There is a vast number of programming languages, thanks to the contemporary technological development, but we will focus on the top seven, which are:
Java is a prevalent, cross-platform, object-oriented programming language used to develop mobile and desktop apps.
In addition to being the most widespread language, it facilitates many of the apps across different app stores. Furthermore, Java has a fantastic online community for support in the event of any problems.
On the other hand, Java is a complex language for a newcomer because it confines some advanced topics like OOP principles, string management, etc.
Java is a fantastic language for learning more about App Development. However, it may be too difficult for beginners who would instead begin with something simpler.
Talking about simplicity, Kotlin is a modern language similar to Java but more straightforward.
A great example of the simplicity implemented in Kotlin is that it deals with null pointers and does not require a semicolon for each statement.
It is so simple that it would be perfectly fine to say that Kotlin is the easiest language in the list of popular programming languages an application developer can use.
In 2019, Google declared Kotlin the official language for Android app development. It is a cross-platform programming language used to create apps.
Kotlin is more manageable for beginners to learn than Java, serving as an entry point for developing Android apps.
It is a classic and comparatively old language with primitive methods.
Unfortunately, programmers cannot use C++ alone to build an app altogether. But there is nothing to worry about as there are many solutions to this problem.
To develop Android apps in C++, NDK (Android Native Development Kit) is used to allow apps access to the C++ code libraries.
While C++ is handy for developing apps in some circumstances, it is far more complicated to set up and less versatile.
Because of the increased complexity, there may be additional bugs. As a result, Java is preferable to C++ since C++ does not deliver enough advantages to compensate for the work required.
C# is a part of the C family while closely linked with Java. It works on a .Net framework and is excellent for developing Android apps.
C# uses garbage collection to reduce the likelihood of memory leaks. In addition, C# has a cleaner and clearer syntax than Java, making it easier to code.
Major C#’s disadvantage was that it could only operate on Windows platforms since it relied on the .NET Framework.
Xamarin implemented a common language infrastructure that allowed code to be shared across various platforms to address this problem.
Written in the C language, Python is a relatively new language that is simple, intuitive, and easy to learn.
Even though Android and iOS do not enable native Python programming, programmers can still develop applications.
Various technologies can convert Python apps into executable Android Packages. Kivy and Beeware are perfect for using Python for app development.
Both of them are open-source Python libraries for developing mobile apps. They support both Android and iOS and foster speedy app creation.
The PhoneGap framework essentially allows web developers to create hybrid apps shown using “WebView” but packaged as a mobile app.
And, because even creating a passable app takes a lot of effort, it’s best to choose one of the other languages on this list.
With react native, you can create beautiful and powerful hybrid apps that run on both Android and iOS.
Learning react-native can help you establish a career in software development because hybrid app development is becoming increasingly popular.
Dart is a C-styled language for app development. It is an open-source programming language that underpins the Flutter framework, which is gaining popularity to quickly produce beautiful and performant web, desktop, and mobile apps.
Dart’s main selling point is that Google created it as a client-optimized language for building quick apps on any platform.
Its primary goal is to make UI creation easier for developers by including capabilities like hot-reload, allowing developers to observe changes in real-time while working on the app.
It is noted for its speed, compiling to ARM and x64 machine code for mobile, desktop, and backend applications.
No article can provide a detailed study and analysis of modern programming languages due to their huge number, so it is wise to focus only on those necessary to the specifications of a particular problem.
The above languages can construct various apps, including but not limited to chat messengers, music players, games, and calculators.
A key point to remember is that there is no single appropriate language for app development. As a result, it’s up to you to pick the best language choice for each project based on your goals and interests.
Remember that whatever path you choose will only broaden your skillset and help you advance as an Android developer.