Interior designers work with clients to develop and bring to fruition interiors that enhance buildings. They may work with businesses, architects, or private clients – all of whom typically have an interest in creating ideal interior conditions. The history of interior design is likely to stretch back as far as the conventional home itself. Ancient Egyptians used to regularly decorate and rearrange buildings depending on their usage. The first person that we might recognize as a professional interior designer, however, did not emerge until the early 1900s.
Elsie De Wolfe has been touted as the first professional interior designer. She was commissioned to design homes for the upper-class socialites of early 1900s New York. She opted to create light and livable spaces that eschewed earlier Victorian gothic conventions.
If you are looking to become an interior designer in the 2020s, there are a few essential skills and abilities, as well as a great deal of knowledge, that you need to become familiar with. Here is a guide to some of the skills, abilities, and knowledge that is needed in the industry.
Floor Plan Design
Floor plans are used by architects and interior designers to map out the spaces in a building from the top down. They convey the fittings and furniture within a building in an extremely easy to understand fashion using a keyed series of symbols. Floor plans are essential for conveying the design of an interior to clients and stakeholders. They are also useful for gaining an overall understanding of how the interior of a building will look.
Today, many architects and interior designers are using software like Cedreo to quickly produce floor plans that can be expanded and adapted easily. The best software enables a designer to create a 3D rendering of their interior using the measurements they provide as part of the floor planning process.
Creative vision is the ability to effectively see the potential of a space and develop a plan to achieve this potential. It is the ability to see the positive outcomes inherent in negative space and work with the limitations of each situation. In interior design, creative vision is essential. Creative vision is not just ‘an imagination’. Instead, it is a highly practical ability that can be developed in conjunction with the nurturing of imagination. An interior designer must be able to look at a room, look at their brief, and envision the transformation of a space in such a way that will please their client. Their vision must always be grounded in possibility.
Interior design is heavily influenced by trends. There have been hundreds of influential trends in the industry – which have, in turn, been influenced by the ever-changing ways in which people experience the space around them. Interior designers need to be able to predict which trends will stand the test of time. After all, they want their creations to last! Clients are also extremely demanding when it comes to the commissioning of interiors based on trends. Fashion plays a huge role in determining the nature of interior design work. Factors that influence interior design trends can be as diverse as politics, the art world, and popular culture.
Sustainable Construction Knowledge
Interior designers need to work in collaboration with architects to create their work while being as sustainable as possible. Many clients rightfully expect interiors to be created with the environment in mind. A great deal of material knowledge needs to be used in the selection of materials and processes that do not harm the environment. A great deal of innovation is taking place in interior design at the moment regarding the use of sustainable materials. The current trend for reclaimed materials is part of this wave of sustainable innovation.
Sustainability should be of vital importance to interior designers that are interested in making their work as morally sound as possible. Interior design as a whole, however, is not a particularly sustainable industry at the moment. Creative vision and material knowledge need to come together if new solutions are to be created.
Attention to Detail Interior designers should leave no stone unturned in their quest to create their clients’ perfect space. Attention to detail is essential in the trade. Every aspect of an interior contributes to the way in which it will be enjoyed or utilized. From the materials used to the colors it is daubed in, a room is only the coeval creation of minute details.